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Count or piece measure



The count or piece measure is probably the oldest measure of all. It was mainly used in small and large retail. When the duties and taxes were still levied in kind, this was also done by counting or by piece. The counting or piece size is within all measuring systems a certain number of a commercial good that contains a precisely defined quantity (number of pieces) and size. To this day there are counting and piece measures in industry and trade. Today, however, they are no longer used in normal everyday life, but almost everyone knows the counting measures pair, dozen, stairs, bundle or box.
In all areas of the economy, information per piece (unit price) is common, such as B. Production time per piece or price per piece, because this is the only way to efficiently calculate costs and services. In the packaging industry, the piece size is still used today to indicate the goods that are contained in a package. Ultimately, the Euro pallet, which is popular today, is also just a modern counting measure.

  • 1 strap = 1/2 salmon (divided lengthways)
  • 1 pair = 2 pieces that belong together
  • 1 shot = 2 loaves of bread (baked goods)
  • 1 litter = 5 pieces
  • ½ dozen = 6 pieces (known today as 1 six-pack)
  • 1 half-stairs in general = 12 pieces = 1 dozen
  • 1 decade = 10 pieces
  • 1 dozen = 12 pieces
  • 1 almond = 15 pieces
  • 1 peasant almond (large almond) = 16 pieces
  • 1 staircase = 20 pieces = 2 roofs
  • 1 staircase in general = 24 pieces = 2 dozen
  • 1 quarter = 25 pieces (for fruit)
  • 1 bunch = 30 pieces
  • 1 box = 48 pieces (French red wine bottles)
  • 1 shock = 3 steps = 4 almonds = 5 dozen = 60 pieces
  • 1 big shock = 4 peasant almonds = 5 dozen = 64 pieces
  • 1 box = 4 steps = 80 pieces
  • 1 large = 12 dozen = 144 pieces
  • 1 small rack = 10 straw tufts (sheaves)
  • 1 large stack = 60 straw tufts (sheaves)
  • 1 room = 5 dozen = 60 boards or beams
  • 1 small hundred = 100 pieces = 5 steps
  • 1 big hundred = 120 pieces = 6 steps
  • 1 ring = 4 shock = 240 pieces
  • 1 small thousand = 1000 pieces = 50 steps = 10 small hundred
  • 1 large thousand = 1200 pieces = 60 stairs = 10 large hundred
  • 1 large large = 144 dozen = 1728 pieces
  • 1 bundle = 100 threads of yarn
  • 1 barchand = 22 cubits
  • 1 sheet = 24 yards of cloth (drill - drill)
  • 1 cloth = 32 cubits
  • 1 bale = 12 wipes
  • 1 hem or garment = 22 scarves
  • 1 pack = 10 hems
  • 1 weave = 72 cubits (linen trade)
  • 1 vartel = 45 barchand (barchent) = 990 cubits
  • 1 small measuring basket = 25 pieces
  • 1 large measuring basket = 40 small measuring baskets = 1000 pieces
  • 1 pile of peat = 6 large measuring baskets = 240 small measuring baskets = 6000 pieces
  • 1 ring of peat = 1 pile = 8 peat sods
  • 1 pile of coal = 28 bushels
  • 1 pile of firewood = 4¼ fathoms
  • 1 cumulus field stones = 24 Prussian. Cubic feet

Counting measures in fur, leather and fur trade


  • 1 decher = 10 skins
  • 1 stitch (skin trade) = 30 skins = 3 covers
  • 1 room = 40 skins = 4 covers

Counting measures in the fish trade


  • 1 half-stairs (fish trade) = 10 pieces
  • 1 staircase (fish trade) = 20 pieces
  • 1 rope = 25 eels
  • 1 wall = 80 pieces (fish trade measure from Gdansk)
  • 1 piece not piece (Fish trade measure) = 180 pieces
  • 1 crib (Kribbe) = 180 pieces of stockfish
  • 1 roll of stockfish = 180 pieces of stockfish (fish trade measure from Gdansk)
  • 1 bandage = 250 eels = 10 cords
  • 1 roll of pegs = 400 pieces of pegs
  • 1 kip = 600 pieces
  • 1 ton of pegs = 1000 pieces
  • 1 ton (fish trade measure from Gdansk) = 1040 pieces
  • 1 load of pegs = 12 tons of pegs = 12,000 pieces

Counting measures for paper up to 1877


A sheet of paper was originally a flat piece of paper that was folded ("bent") once.

  • 1 sheet = 2 sheets = 4 sheets of paper
  • 1 alphabet = 23 sheets
  • 1 book of writing paper (glued) = 24 sheets
  • 1 book of printing paper (unsized) = 25 sheets
  • 1 bag = 181 sheets
  • 1 ream of writing paper (glued) = 20 books of writing paper (glued) = 480 sheets of writing paper
  • 1 ream of printing paper (unsized) = 20 book printing paper (unsized) = 500 sheets of printing paper
  • 1 ream = 2 reams (wrapping paper)
  • 1 bale of writing paper (glued) = 10 reams = 200 books = 4800 sheets of writing paper
  • 1 bale of printing paper (unsized) = 10 reams = 200 books = 5000 sheets of printing paper
  • 1 roll of parchment = 5 dozen = 60 sheets
  • 1 pack = 15 bales of 10 reams

Counting measures for paper from 1877

  • 1 booklet = 10 sheets
  • 1 book = 10 booklets = 100 sheets
  • 1 riess, ream = 10 books = 1,000 sheets
  • 1 bale = 10 reams = 10,000 sheets
  • 1 pack = 15 bales = 150,000 sheets

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