Somebody doesn't like Mozart

The Mozart family

Leopold Mozart was a man with business skills and a great talent for making and maintaining contacts - a quality that his son lacked. Although Leopold Mozart was Wolfgang Amadeus' most important reference person for a long time, their relationship became increasingly difficult over the years.

Above all, Leopold Mozart could not come to terms with the way his son dealt with income and offended many important financiers. And father Mozart also apparently never got along with Mozart's wife and her family. Leopold Mozart died in Salzburg on May 28, 1787.

The mother: Anna Maria Mozart

Anna Maria Mozart is the most inconspicuous personality in the Mozart family. She was born on December 25, 1720 as the daughter of an administrative officer in St. Gilgen. In 1747 she married Leopold Mozart, with whom she had a total of seven children, of which only daughter "Nannerl" and son Wolfgang survived the first year of life.

Although high infant mortality was not uncommon at that time, Anna Maria Mozart suffered greatly from the losses and spent a long time on cure to recover.

At first she took part in the trips that Leopold made with his children, later she mostly stayed at home with her daughter. It is to this fact that we owe many of the letters that Leopold Mozart sent to his wife while he was out and about.

The mother was only mentioned in the Mozart story in 1777: Because the father was not given a vacation, she went on an application trip with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, which took him from Munich to Mannheim and from there to Paris, where she after a short illness died on July 3, 1778.

The sister: "Nannerl"

Maria Anna Walpurga Ignatia Mozart was born on July 31, 1751. She went down in Mozart history under her nickname "Nannerl". She too was an exceptional pianist. She is said to have written her own pieces that were praised by her brother, but none of them have survived.

Leopold Mozart was very proud of his daughter's talent. But as was customary at the time: after the son was born and showed an even greater talent, he received full attention.

Allegedly, this preference for the son should not have been a problem within the family. Initially, the two Mozart children traveled through Europe as siblings making music. But even after "Nannerl" stayed at home, the correspondence between brother and sister did not suggest jealousy or envy. It was not until Mozart was married that their relationship cooled noticeably.

"Nannerl" later worked as a piano teacher. After her mother's death, she ran the father's household. At 33, she entered into a marriage that her father had arranged to provide for her. Nannerl had three children, only one of whom reached adulthood. She herself had the longest life of the Mozart family: she was 78 years old.

wolfgang

On January 27, 1756 Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart saw the light of day. He was the seventh and last child of Leopold and Anna Maria Mozart. Of their first six children, only "Nannerl" survived. The young Mozart's son showed an early interest in music and had an ambition that could hardly be stopped in learning to play instruments, especially the piano and violin.

He never went to school. The father taught the children himself, apparently successfully: Mozart spoke, or understood, Italian, French and English. In general, he was very linguistically gifted, even if he later always used texts by other authors for his music.

Countless play on words can be found in his letters. He also changed his name more often. As an artist, he always appeared as Wolfgang Amadé from around 1777 until his death. The name Amadé, or Amadeus, was a Latin derivation of his Greek first name Theophilus. He was only called "Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart" after his death.

At the age of 26, Mozart married Constanze Weber from Mannheim. He had six children with her, only two of whom survived. The two sons Carl Thomas and Franz Xaver Wolfgang remained childless, which is why there are no more direct descendants today.