What are the disadvantages of the slope section

Title:

Slope section with several gradations

Child code:

U1

Abstract:

Application Number:

DE202012005215U

Publication Date:

06/21/2012

Assignee:

MINDER MARKUS (CH)

Attorney, Agent or Firm:

Uexküll & Stolberg, 22607, Hamburg, DE

Claims:

1. Slope section with several gradations, which are formed by horticultural elements (,,) made of metal or plastic, which are arranged one behind the other and next to one another when viewed in the direction of slope inclination (H), characterizedthat on horticultural elements (12,) which, viewed in the slope direction (H), are arranged below horticultural elements (12,) arranged above them, in the area of ​​their ends facing the slope, separately formed coupling elements () are arranged, each in one of several possible vertical positions are attached to these horticultural elements (,) and in which the horticultural elements (,) arranged above them are suspended in such a way that they (,) via the coupling elements () form-fit in and against the direction of slope inclination (H) and form-fit in the direction of gravity with the direction of slope inclination (H) seen below them arranged horticultural elements (,) are connected without covering them (,).

2. Slope section according to claim 1, characterized in that the coupling elements () are designed as ground anchors which penetrate into the slope () in particular in the vertical direction.

3. Slope section according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that seen in the slope direction (H) adjacent horticultural elements (,,) each carry common coupling elements (), and in particular that these in the area of ​​attachment of the common coupling elements () frictionally and / or are positively connected to one another, in particular by screwing to the respective common coupling element ().

4. Slope section according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the horticultural elements (,,) are each open to the slope.

5. Slope section according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the horticultural elements (,,) are open towards the bottom.

6. Slope section according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the horticultural elements (,, ) have an identical shape and size in plan view, in particular a honeycomb shape, the shape of a uniform hexagon or the shape of a section of a uniform hexagon in which two sides forming a common corner are cut away.

7. Slope section according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that seen in the slope direction (H) side by side horticultural elements have a different height.

8. Slope section according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that seen in the slope direction (H) one behind the other arranged horticultural elements have a different height.

9. Slope section according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the horticultural elements (1, 1a, 1b) are made in one piece from a sheet metal material or from a flat plastic material of uniform material thickness.

10. Slope section according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the coupling elements (2) are made of profile material, in particular from an L-profile material, and in particular that these are made with the horticultural elements (1, 1a, 1b), to which they are attached, are screwed, in particular using elongated holes provided on the profile material and / or the horticultural elements (4).

Description:

The present invention relates to a slope section with several gradations according to the preamble of claim 1.

In the field of horticulture, slopes (also known as embankments) are often terraced or provided with gradations, be it for design reasons to make them usable for the cultivation of plants and / or to secure them against slipping.

For this purpose, it is customary to arrange individual heavy stone blocks or horticultural elements made of concrete behind and next to one another on the slope section concerned, seen in the slope direction, which then each form the end faces of the individual terraces or gradations. Such designs are only possible where the embankment or slope section with heavy equipment such. B. an excavator or wheel loader, is accessible, since the stone blocks or concrete elements are very heavy and often can neither be transported nor moved by hand.

For slope sections which are inaccessible to heavy equipment, solutions are known from the prior art in which horticultural elements made of plastic or sheet metal are used. These are also arranged one behind the other and next to one another on the slope, seen in the slope direction, the horticultural elements arranged higher on the slope being placed in the region of their front edges on the horticultural elements arranged directly below. However, such systems have the disadvantage that horticultural elements of different heights are required for different gradation heights, which makes adaptation to a slope shape with different gradients difficult and logistically complex, since a large number of different horticultural elements must be provided.

The object is therefore to build up a slope section with gradations in such a way that the disadvantages of the prior art are at least partially avoided.

This object is achieved by the slope section according to claim 1.

Accordingly, the invention relates to a slope section or an embankment with several gradations or terraces, which are formed by horticultural elements made of metal or plastic, which are arranged one behind the other and next to one another as viewed in the direction of the slope inclination. According to the invention, separately formed coupling elements are attached to some or all of the horticultural elements, which are arranged below horticultural elements arranged above, viewed in the slope direction, in the region of their ends facing the slope, in which the horticultural elements arranged above are suspended. The hanging takes place in such a way that they are positively connected via the coupling elements in and against the direction of slope inclination and positively in the direction of gravity with the horticultural elements arranged below them as seen in the inclination direction, without covering them. The coupling elements are each attached to the respective horticultural element in one of several possible vertical positions.

The horticultural elements arranged higher on the slope or on the embankment are therefore not placed on the horticultural elements arranged directly below, but are preferably supported in the area of ​​their front edges by the coupling elements, which are each in a position selected from several possible vertical positions at the slope-side ends the horticultural elements arranged directly below are attached.

This structural design makes it possible to vary the vertical relative positions of the horticultural elements arranged one behind the other as seen in the slope direction and thus the individual graded heights by choosing different vertical fastening positions of the coupling elements without the need for different or different heights of horticultural elements.

In a preferred embodiment of the stepped slope section, the coupling elements are designed as ground anchors, which preferably penetrate the slope in a vertical direction. This allows the shear strength of the slope section to be significantly improved.

In a further preferred embodiment, viewed in the slope direction, horticultural elements lying next to one another each bear common coupling elements, it being advantageous if they are connected to one another in a force-locking and / or form-locking manner in the area of ​​attachment of the common coupling elements to these, e.g. B. by screwing to the respective common coupling element. This allows the stability of the slope section to be further improved in a simple and inexpensive manner.

In further preferred embodiments, the horticultural elements are each open towards the slope and / or towards the bottom. This has the advantage that the hydrology of the slope is practically hardly changed by the gradation and a relatively undisturbed rooting is possible.

If the horticultural elements of the slope section have an identical shape and size in plan view, which is preferred, only a minimal number of different components is required. Preferred shapes of the horticultural elements are a honeycomb shape, the shape of a uniform hexagon or the shape of a portion of a uniform hexagon in which two sides forming a common corner are cut away. Such shapes are particularly suitable for forming a stepped slope by arranging the horticultural elements one behind the other and next to one another.

In further preferred embodiments of the slope section, seen in the slope direction, horticultural elements arranged next to one another and / or one behind the other have a different overall height. Slope sections of this type can have very different gradation heights and also gradations transversely to the direction of the slope or to the direction of the slope.

The horticultural elements are preferably made in one piece from a sheet metal material or from a flat plastic material of uniform material thickness. Such horticultural elements can be produced inexpensively from a semi-finished material, e.g. B. by punching and forming from a plate-shaped material.

The coupling elements are preferably formed from profile material or essentially as profile material, preferably with an L-shaped profile cross-section, since they can be produced inexpensively in this way. It is further preferred that the coupling elements are screwed to the horticultural elements to which they are attached, specifically advantageously using elongated holes provided on the profile material and / or the horticultural elements. The elongated holes allow additional stepless adjustability of the selected vertical position of the coupling element on the horticultural element and assembly can be carried out with carriage bolts, the square of which enters the respective elongated hole and thus secures the screw against twisting.

Further preferred embodiments of the invention emerge from the dependent claims and from the description that follows with reference to the figures.

1 shows a slope section according to the invention with several gradations in a perspective view. As can be seen, the gradations of eleven horticultural elements arranged one behind the other and next to one another are seen in the direction of the slope inclination 1 formed from sheet steel.

Perspective views of such horticultural elements 1 when not installed are in the 2a and 2 B shown. As can be seen, the horticultural elements are 1 each open backwards and downwards and have the shape of a portion of a uniform hexagon in which two sides forming a common corner are cut away. The horticultural elements point along their rear edges, which are intended to be arranged on the slope 1 a variety of elongated holes 4 on. These are used to attach coupling elements 2, in which the horticultural elements to be arranged above 1 be hooked.

Two suitable coupling elements 2 are in the 3a, 3b and 3c in the side view (3a and 3b) and in plan view (3c) shown. As can be seen, these are coupling elements 2 essentially designed as L-profiles. A first of the two profile legs forms 3a at the upper end of the coupling element 2 a protruding nose 5, while the second profile leg 3b Starting from this end, three elongated holes are arranged one behind the other in the longitudinal direction 4 having.

As in synopsis with 4 it can be seen which the connection of two horticultural elements arranged one behind the other in the slope direction H 1 of the slope section 1 shows in a side view, are for this purpose on the lower horticultural elements 1a coupling elements in the area of ​​their ends facing the slope 2 according to 3a by means of several carriage bolts 6 attached, which overlapping elongated holes 4 of the horticultural element 1a and the coupling element 2 push through. The remaining part of the coupling elements 2 penetrates, as in 4 can be seen vertically in the slope 9 and thus forms a ground anchor, which the respective horticultural element 1a secures against pushing movements on the slope.

As can be seen, the coupling element could 2 also in other vertical positions on the lower horticultural element 1a be fastened by after removing the carriage bolts 6 by moving the coupling element vertically 2 compared to the horticultural element 1a other elongated holes 4 of the connection element 2 and the lower coupling element 1a are brought into overlap with each other and the carriage bolts 6 then be reassembled. The coupling elements are accordingly 2 each in one of several possible vertical positions on the respective lower horticultural element 1a attached.

As can also be seen, is in each case between the first profile leg 3a of the L-profile of the coupling element 2 educated nose 5 and the trailing edge of the lower horticultural element 1a a slot 7 formed, which down through the second profile leg 3b of the L-profile is limited. In this slot 7 is the upper horticultural element 1b with its leading edge 8 (shown in section) hung in such a way that it is over the coupling element 2 form-fitting in and against the direction of slope inclination H and form-fitting in the direction of gravity with the lower horticultural element 1a is connected without covering it.

5 shows a representation of how 4, but with a coupling element according to 3b. In this case it is done via the coupling element 2 no additional anchoring of the lower horticultural element 1a on the slope 9.

While preferred embodiments of the invention are described in the present application, it should be clearly pointed out that the invention is not restricted to these and can also be carried out in other ways within the scope of the following patent claims.