What is rudram
Why is Sri Rudram's 8th Anuvaka special and what is the point of singing it?
Sri Rudram occurs in all 101 Shakhas of YajurVeda and is therefore also called SataRudriya (which I am discussing here). 8. Anuvaka from Sri Rudram (from Taittariya Samhita) is of particular importance because of the revelation of the Panchakshari mantra. "Namaha Shivaya" in this AnuVaka.
Shiva denotes the transcendental aspect that lies beyond 3 Gunas (i.e. Turiya state) (which I am discussing here). It is basically welcoming the transcendental state of the Lord that is beyond the Tri Gunas.
The Panchakshari mantra is of particular importance. The five letters "Na", "Ma", "Shi", "Va", "Ya" designate the five heads of SadaShiva, as I am discussing here. Vedas also enter Panchakshari during the Pralaya Kala which I am discussing here. Similarly, it is also important to change one's varna through the application of the Panchakshari mantra that I am discussing here. Another 8. Anuvaka is also of particular importance as it reveals other things to do with the world state and the liberated state:
➡➡ Parameswara and Uma remove the misery of samsara:
8. Anuvaka begins with "Namaha Somya Cha Rudraya Cha". ie. "Greetings to the one who is with Uma and removes the cry of samsara (Rudra). It is of great importance because when we see in the scriptures that Lord Shiva gives blessings to every devotee, we see a phrase like" Saha Devya Maheswara "." ie. Maheswara together with Uma (Devi). The form of Parameswara being with Uma removes the misery of samsara. The same is shown in Kena Upanishad. Also in Kaivalya Upanishad it says:
" उमासहायं परमेश्वरं प्रभुं त्रिलोचनं नीलकण्ठं प्रशान्तम्।
Meditate on the Parameswara, allied with Uma, powerful, three-eyed, blue-necked and calm ... "
➡➡Parameswara has the shape of the sun:
Although the 1st Anuvaka of Sri Rudram clearly states that it is Parameswara himself who is in the form of the sun. The appearance of "Nama Tãmrãya Cha Arunãya Cha" shows, however, that not only the sun, but also the color seen in the sun is also Parameswara itself.
➡➡Parameswara as Pashupati offers all the comforts:
From the statement "Nama Shangãya cha Pashupataye Cha" ( Greetings to the one who pashupati Consolation and greetings it is found that the pashupati form of Parameswara offers consolation to all (by removing the pasas).
➡➡Parameswara is in violent manifestation and fear in gods:
From statements like "Nama Ugraya Cha Bheemãya Cha" It appears that it is Parameswara who is embodied in a violent manifestation of creation (Ugra), and that fear of him causes the gods to carry out this function (Bheemaya). Katha Upanishad says
2.III-3. Fire burns for fear of him; The sun shines out of fear of Him; Out of fear of him, Indra and Vayu work. For fear of him, Death, the fifth, stalks on earth. "
➡➡Parameswara kills before killing in battle:
From the statement "Namo Agrevadhãyacha Durevadhãya cha" it appears that it is Parameswara who first kills in battle, then only he is killed (Agrevadhãya). ie. The real killer in battle is just a namesake. It is Parameswara who does this job. Likewise, it is Parameswara who kills even in the distance (Durevadhya Cha). The same is seen in the Mahabharata, where both Krishna and Vyasa tell Arjuna that "the person who killed and stayed before Arjuna was Rudra".
AmesParameswara punishes the evil perpetrators:
Under the statement "Namo Hantre Cha Haniyese Cha" it is understood that it is Parameswara who causes little and much trouble (according to the karma of the evil doers). The term "Haniyeshe Cha" also indicates that it is Parameswara who ultimately destroys everything. ie. Who is PralayaKarta?
➡➡ Parameswara has the form of Pranava:
Under the statement "Nama Tãrãya cha" it is understood that it is Parameswara that is in the form of Pranava / Omkara / Taraka Brahman. Parameswara in the form of Taraka as Omkara provides Moksha. The Atharvasiras says:
अथ कस्मादुच्यत ओङ्कारो यस्मादुच्चार्यमाण एव
प्राणानूर्ध्वमुत्क्रामयति तस्मादुच्यते ओङ्कारः।
Why is he called (Rudra) Omkara? Because he sends the souls up at the time of dissolution.
➡➡Parameswara is the cause of happiness, consolation and bliss in this world and in the liberated state:
Under the statement "Nama Shambhave cha Mayobhave Cha" it is understood that Parameswara is the cause of happiness in this world (Shambhave) and the cause of happiness in the liberated state (Mayobhave). Under the statement "Namas Shankarya Cha Mayaskarya Cha" it is understood that Parameswara is the provider of comfort in this world (Shankaraya) and the provider of comfort in higher worlds (Mayaskarãya). Under the statement "Namaha Shivaya Cha Shivatarãya cha" it is understood that Parameswara itself is located in the state of Turiya (beyond Triguna) and Parameswara is the provider of the state of Turiya (Shivatarãya).
➡➡Parameswara is praised by the happy:
Under the statement "Nama Pãryaya cha Vãryaya Cha" it is understood that Parameswara is praised by those who are beyond (Para) of this samsara, ie. In the liberated state (Pãryãye) and also by those who have not yet crossed the Samsara River. Ie. Who are also on this page (Vãryaye)
➡➡Parameswara helps to cross and finally frees:
Under the statement "Nama Prataranãye cha Uttaranãye cha" it is understood that it is Parameswara who helps to cross the flow of sins (Pratarana) and it is Parameswara who ultimately liberates, ie. Taraka (Uttarana)
➡➡Parameswara lets the souls enter and encourages:
Under the statement "Namo Aataryãye cha Aãlyadhye cha" it is understood that it is Parameswara who allows the soul to enter the womb (Aataryãye) and encourages Jeeva to enjoy fruits of her actions (Aãlyadhye)
Described above are the salient features of the 8th Anuvaka. It is of particular importance because it is about both the secular and the liberated state. So it is sung with special priority. 8. Anuvaka reveals that Parameswara is the cause of Jeeva's liberation and also Jeeva's bond. Parameswara offers comfort and bliss as well as punisher and tormentor.
As for the benefits of singing, it is clear even from the meaning of anuvaka. The chanter and Uma receive the grace of Parameswara. The chanter gets consolation and bliss in this world and eventually gets liberation as well. Therefore recommended the Kaivalya Upanishad and Jabala Upanishad to sing the Sri Rudram hymn for liberation.
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