How long are airline records kept

Do the immigration authorities of the EU member states keep records of the entry and exit of EU citizens from the Schengen zone?

Yes, although not fully harmonized, this is a safe assumption for the countries you mentioned. It follows from a proposal to the EU members in 2007 (re-submitted in 2011) ...

PNR data is information provided by passengers when reserving and booking tickets and when checking in on flights and collected by air carriers for their own commercial purposes. It contains different types of information, such as: B. travel dates, itinerary, ticket information, contact details, travel agency through which the flight was booked, means of payment used, seat number and baggage information. The data is stored in the reservation and departure control databases of the airlines.

Many countries use PNR data to combat serious crime and terrorism. PNR data has been used manually by customs and law enforcement agencies around the world for nearly 60 years. Technological developments have made it possible to use PNR data more systematically for law enforcement purposes.

Source: Passenger Name Record (PNR)

As things stand, most of the Member States have adopted their national legislation and either implemented the proposal or were in an advanced test phase.

Currently, up to 16 EU countries have decided to collect PNR data, according to Timothy Kirkhope, a UK Conservative MEP who steers the file through Parliament. However, in the absence of an EU framework, he said: "The airlines have no clarity on how the data should be processed and the passengers do not have clear EU-wide rights to protect booking information such as credit card details, seat number and emergency contact."

Parliament's statistics show that most EU countries already have their own PNR systems. In 2013, the European Commission spent € 50 million to start domestic PNR collection in 14 Member States.

Source: The Passenger Name Recording Act is the first hurdle in Parliament

The UK enacted the legislation in 2008 in the form of a legal instrument: the Immigration and Police (Passenger, Crew and Services Information) Regulation of 2008

In 2010 the European Commission published a communication on the exchange of this information with third countries: On the global approach for the transfer of PNR data (Passenger Name Record) to third countries

At the beginning of this year, on July 16, 2015, the proposal was put to a vote and passed with a slight majority. The full EU framework and member harmonization is expected to be completed in 2016.

... a Dutch citizen who is traveling with a Dutch passport via a German international airport to an Asian country is registered?

With that said all, let's move on to your specific question. The Netherlands has an EU-compliant PNR system and is still in a test phase. Germany has not yet developed an EU-compliant PNR, but is using the version it implemented before the proposal. So the answer to your question is still "yes", but data originating in Germany is not stored in an EU-compliant format.

If so, how long is this information kept?

The main legal instrument at EU level regulating this area was the Data Retention Directive, which was adopted in November 2006 after the terrorist bombings in Madrid in 2004 and the bombings on public transport in London in 2005. This led to a text that left room for various aspects of applications at national level that did not guarantee a sufficient degree of harmonization.

Source: The Passenger Name Recording Act is the first hurdle in Parliament

Does it make a difference whether the automated ePassport gates are used instead of the human officers?

No difference, the border control process does not play a role in harvesting information. According to the proposal, the information is collected when booking and making a reservation.

Calchas

This answer only applies to air travel?

Gayot Fow

The API is intended to cover sea and rail as well as air. The implementation is a two-dimensional covering member state on one axis and a mode of transport on the other. Some members are fully compliant, others are lagging behind.