What makes the cello unique

Musikfabrik-Hersbruck

violoncello

The violoncello, called "cello" in parlance, comes from the violin family of instruments.
To produce the sound, the cellist needs a bow that is covered with horse hair. As with the violins, violas and double bass, it is held in the upper grip, but is shorter and covered with more hair (approx. 120-320 pieces).

Like its fellow string instruments, it has four strings that are tuned five-tone apart (fifths, C - G - d - a starting from the depth).
The cello, like the double bass, differs in its attitude to its small family members in that it is played between the knees and thus supported on a spike. However, this sting has only existed since around 1860. Before that, the cello was placed between the calves, which can still be seen today with baroque cellists and viol players. A screw mechanism can be used to adjust the spike to the size of the player and to allow it to disappear into its body for transporting the cello.

Sound and possible uses

What is unique about the cello is its sound breadth, which is why it is often compared to the human singing voice for a reason.
In order to be able to make a legible note of the large pitch range, 3 notation keys are used in cello literature: bass, tenor and treble clef.
What is fascinating about playing the cello is its wide range of uses. Due to its depth, it can be used as an accompanying instrument (bass function) as well as its height as a melody carrier in solo literature. Due to its soft and full sound, it is also ideally suited for ensemble play and mixes wonderfully with its string colleagues and wind instruments.

Who can learn the cello?

Since there are also small (1/8, 1/4, 1/2 and 3/4) cellos for children, it is ideal for early learning to play an instrument (from 5 years). Nevertheless, there are enough late beginners who still want to learn a new instrument at the age of 50 or 60 and have a lot of fun and success playing the cello ...

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