What would you call a female alligator
Animal groups: This is how they are called
If several animals live temporarily or permanently in a group, there are often very special names for them. Some of these collective names apply only to mammals, others only to marine animals, and still others to insects. Many names for these groups of animals come from the hunter's language and can lead to confusion in normal usage.
Under the sea: school and swarm
We speak of “swarming”, especially with animals that appear in very large groups. This not only affects fish such as herrings or eels, but also insects such as bees and grasshoppers. In the case of a swarm, it also depends on the type and distance of movement of the individual animals. However, not all marine animals live in groups as ordered as swarms. Loose associations are called "schools".
In forest and meadow: herd and pack
Groups of mammals on land are often herds. Sheep herds, cattle herds, zebra herds, wolf herds ... stop! Wolves live together in packs, there is a more pronounced hierarchy here than in a herd, even if there are some lead animals there. Just like wolves, it is with wild boars that move around as a pack. By the way: A group of seals is also called a pack.
Herds often consist of escape animals and can also be mixed. In the savannah in particular, zebras, gazelles and even ostriches come together to form herds in order to be better protected from predators. Sometimes herds are so large that the individual individuals do not know each other.
In the air: chain and lap
Particularly when hunting, special terms for groups of animals were coined. Ducks and geese fly as Schoof, but the "chain of partridges" offers a particularly high risk of confusion with everyday language. Pheasants, on the other hand, are called infantrymen when they run alone and bouquet when they stand up together. A strong distinction is made here in order to be able to present the facts precisely even under time pressure.
By the way, animal associations also have adventurous names in other languages, which can easily be confused with other words and only give an idea of their correct meaning in context. In English, a group of bats is called “a cauldron of bats” ('cauldron' is a cauldron), a group of lions is called a 'pride of lions' ('pride' also means pride). The owl parliament sounds particularly impressive - a flock of owls is called a “parliament of owls”.
Animal groups: learn, learn, learn
How do we know which designation is appropriate for which group of animals? In German you can rely on a few large groups - in other languages they have to be learned individually. It often helps to also name the species that is meant. In addition, the context is crucial, because there are numerous terms in hunting or fishing jargon that are not used in the general language.
For the Leginda team, of course, translations of the various names of animal groups are no problem. Contact us at: https://www.leginda.de/kontakt/.
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