Why do animals care about being clean?
The origin of the dog
Once you have decided to buy a puppy, you are usually looking for a breeder or a litter with mixed breed puppies.
But no matter whether the dog has a pedigree or not: It depends on the origin of the little dog. This does not only mean the mother dog and hereditary disposition, but above all the environment in which a puppy spends the first few weeks of its life.
In order to get an adaptable, stable and healthy dog, you should take your time and pay attention to many things when choosing. After all, the owner will share life with this animal for the next 10 to 15 years. That is why it is particularly important from which breeder the puppies are bought.
How do you recognize a good breeder?
A good breeder puts the focus on the health and wellbeing of the dogs - and not on their ego. He sees his own breeding success in having happy and healthy animals.
It should look clean and well-groomed at the breeder's. That doesn't mean that everything is clinically pure. But the bowls have to be clean, the sleeping places have to be in a dry place and the animals have to live in the house.
The breeder should breed two breeds at most. No dog lover can take care of more than that. The number of dogs is also important. More than 15 dogs at the same time are more likely to be left to themselves than lovingly cared for.
The dog children stay with their mother for at least eight weeks. 10 to 12 weeks would be ideal. The mother dog lives with the litter. She makes a healthy, well-groomed impression and reacts to the breeder in a happy and relaxed manner.
The conversation with the breeder
A good breeder will ask why the potential buyer chose this breed. With further questions about the living conditions, he checks whether the breed is suitable for the future dog owner.
He informs the interested party about the needs of the animal and about its breed-typical characteristics. The first conversation is about checking whether the dog buyer has carefully considered his decision.
Upon request, a good breeder will show the pedigree, the sales contract and the veterinary documents that have to do with the litter and the bitch. He should be happy and patient to provide information about all things that affect his dogs and not give the impression of feeling harassed.
Most breeders love to talk about their dogs. A good breeder is interested in having their puppies well housed.
For this reason, he also offers to take the dog back if life circumstances change and a dog owner can no longer keep his dog. He then looks for a new home himself. As a transition, the dog comes into a familiar environment in which he will want for nothing.
A good breeder must be able to become a person of trust for the puppy buyer, with whom he can stay in contact even after the purchase. In the course of a dog's life, dog owners are confronted with many questions that can best be answered by a professional.
The development of the puppies
The first few weeks in a puppy's life are extremely important. Everything that happens during this time affects the dog's behavior into adulthood.
Anyone who decides to have a puppy should therefore know the stages of development from birth. The dog owner makes it easier to train if he knows what stage of development his dog is in and why he is behaving this way at a certain point in time.
Birth and first days
Young dogs are born deaf and blind. You cannot regulate your body temperature yourself. They can only urinate and defecate if their mother licks their bellies. Therefore the closeness, warmth and security of the bitch are the most important things at this time. The pups overslept about 90 percent of the day. On the 7th day, they slowly begin to crawl around.
Eyes and ears begin to open. After three days at the latest, the eyes and ears are fully open.
The puppies will now get rid of their waste without the help of the bitch. As long as the puppies are only getting breast milk, the mother will keep the little ones and the nest clean.
Beginning of the socialization phase. The pups begin to play with each other and explore the world inside the whelping box.
The little dogs play with objects, carry them around and nibble at them. The whelping box is almost only there for sleeping. Usually start of additional feeding. From now on the bitch no longer cares about the cleanliness of the puppies.
The bitch starts training. If a puppy does too much at play, the mother is reprimanded: growling and a bite in the puppy's snout until he submits. Then let go, the game can go on.
This training is very important in a puppy's development. This is the only way to get to know limits at an early stage. If the puppy later leaves its mother, the human has to pick up here.
The first pack hierarchy among the siblings is formed in a playful way. Social behavior and roles are tried out. Now the dog learns how to behave towards other conspecifics.
Most puppies are given to their new owners at this age. But this is a particularly sensitive development phase. The young dogs are just learning to be afraid. The fears that a puppy gets to know without coping with them will stay with him for a lifetime.
It is better if the small dog is allowed to stay a little longer in its familiar environment. Just a week later he is more stable and can cope better with new experiences.
Ten to twelve weeks is a good time to start a new life with the new family. The puppy is now stable, the socialization phase is completed in the twelfth week.
The little one can already understand rules if they are made clear to him. The dog is no longer a baby, but roughly corresponds to a toddler in terms of development. Education by man must begin here with consistency and love.
The milk teeth fall out, the new teeth grow back. The young dog nibbles on everything he gets to bite. Buffalo skin bones provide a remedy. They help the puppy and protect the furniture.
The puppy puts people in front of the first show of strength and tests how seriously a "no" is really meant. Punishment should be prompt and fair. The little dog already knows this from its mother and understands this type of punishment best.
If the dog is punished later, he no longer understands the connection. Basically, the puppy should have a lot of fun with you now. The upbringing should be playful, with lots of praise and pats. The lust for life that he is now experiencing will be with him throughout his life.
7 to 8 months
The puppy hits puberty and tests all the rules for validity. This time can be used well to consolidate your own consistency in educational issues. If the owner continues to hold on to the established limits, the young dog will fit in and find its place in the "family pack".
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