Why do sparrows get loud towards sunset

Bird chirping - bird clock: when does which bird sing?

Even before the first rays of sunshine, the birds begin to chirp during the breeding season. But which singing can be heard particularly clearly at which time?

It seems like birds chirp continuously and at random times. But the song of the feathered friends follows an exact sequence. For example, you can even estimate the time based on the different chants.

The NABU offers a good overview of the current bird song. You can find the bird clock here.

Click on the picture to get to the interactive bird clock. (Source: NABU)

When does which bird sing?

The birdsong is directed towards the sunrise. The time indication follows accordingly. For example, the star sings 15 minutes and the great tit 30 minutes before sunrise. The redstart is a real early bird with a song 80 minutes before dawn.

Time measured at sunriseBird species
80 minutes before sunriseCommon redstart
55 minutes before sunriseSong thrush
50 minutes before sunriserobin
45 minutes before sunriseblackbird
35 minutes before sunriseBlue tit
30 minutes before sunriseGreat tit
15 minutes before sunrisestar
10 minutes before sunriseChaffinch

Which bird sings at night

There are also birds that do not sing after or before sunrise, but after sunset. For example the nightingale. Sometimes the redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus) or the lark (Alaudidae) can also be heard at night, for example when the nights are particularly bright - be it through a bright full moon or the street and building lighting. The latter entices birds in cities in particular to chirp at night.

In addition to the songbirds, numerous owl birds can also be heard at night. They don't really sing or chirp, however, or in the way we are used to from songbirds. Instead, they are calls. So you can hear the calls of a tawny owl (Strix aluco), a barn owl (Tyto alba) or an eagle owl (Bubo bubo) every now and then in the great outdoors.

Why do birds chirp?

The birdsong is not only dependent on the brightness, but also depends on the temperatures and even the noises of the environment. The chirping not only serves to attract females, many birds also use it to mark out their territory. The intention becomes particularly clear through the duration, the volume as well as the repetitions and modifications.