What is the connection name of CH COOH

List of common chemical names

Trivial names are names for chemical compounds that do not comply with the systematic rules of nomenclature in chemistry and therefore do not provide any information about the composition and structure of the compound. Trivial names mostly come from before the introduction of the nomenclature or are used for the sake of simplicity when the systematic name is very complicated. In some cases (for example in the case of heterocycles, biomolecules or condensed polycyclic hydrocarbons), trivial names have also entered today's systematic nomenclature as components. In other cases, too, trivial names are often used on an equal footing with the IUPAC names.

Many organic substances are used almost exclusively under the trivial name, and it is becoming increasingly difficult to give a correct IUPAC name for complex organic substances.

Warning: The list does not contain any common names for minerals.

Inorganic substances

Solid substances


Almost all of the substances mentioned here are aqueous solutions.


Organic substance

Aliphatic hydrocarbons

Alkanes / alkenes / alkynes / haloalkanes and alkenes


Common name IUPAC name chemical formula
Wood alcohol, wood spiritMethanol CH3OH
Alcohol, drinking alcohol, spirits, prima spirit, alcohol Ethanol C.2H5OH
Ethylene glycol, glycol Ethane-1,2-diol CH2(OH) -CH2(OH)
Glycerin, glycerol Propane-1,2,3-triol CH2(OH) -CH (OH) -CH2(OH)


Ketones / ethers

Carbonic acid derivatives

Organic acids

Common name IUPAC name chemical formula
Formic acidMethanoic acid HCOOH
acetic acidEthanoic acid CH3COOH
Propionic acidPropanoic acid C.2H5COOH
Butyric acidButanoic acid C.3H7COOH
Valeric acidPentanoic acid C.4H9COOH
Caproic acidHexanoic acid C.5H11COOH
Enanthic acid / pimelic acidHeptanoic acid C.6H13COOH
Caprylic acidOctanoic acid C.7H15COOH
Pelargonic acidNonanoic acid C.8H17COOH
Capric acidDecanoic acid C.9H19COOH
Lauric acidDodecanoic acid C.11H23COOH
Myristic acidTetradecanoic acid C.13H27COOH
Palmitic acidHexadecanoic acid C.15H31COOH
Margaric acidHeptadecanoic acid C.16H33COOH
Stearic acidOctadecanoic acid C.17H35COOH
Arachidic acidEicosanoic acid C.19H39COOH
Acetoacetic acid3-oxobutanoic acid
Alanine2-aminopropanoic acid
Malic acid2-hydroxybutane-1,4-diacid
Ascorbic acid, vitamin C. (R) -5 - ((S) -1,2-dihydroxyethyl) -3,4-dihydroxy-5H-furan-2-one
Benzilic acid Hydroxydiphenylethanoic acid
Succinic acid1,4-butanedioic acid
Pyruvic acid2-oxopropanoic acid
Fumaric acid(E.) -2-butenedioic acid
GABA (γ-aminobutyric acid) 4-aminobutanoic acid
Glycine2-aminoethanoic acid
Glycolic acid2-hydroxyethanoic acid
Glyoxylic acidEthanal acid
Maleic acid(Z) -2-butenedioic acid
Malonic acid1,3-propanedioic acid
Lactic acid2-hydroxypropanoic acid
Oxalic acidEthanedioic acid
Tartaric acid2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid
citric acid 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
see also:List of acids

Organic salts

Aromatic hydrocarbons

Common name IUPAC name chemical formula
Anisolen-Methyl phenyl ether, methoxybenzene
Anthranilic acid2-aminobenzenecarboxylic acid
BenzaldehydeBenzene carbaldehyde
Benzil 1,2-diphenylethane-1,2-dione
p-Benzoquinone, 1,4-benzoquinone Cyclohexa-2,5, diene-1,4-dione
Benzoic acidBenzenecarboxylic acid
Benzophenone Diphenylmethanone
CumeneIsopropylbenzene, (1-methylethyl) benzene
p-Cymol 1-isopropyl-4-methylbenzene, (1-methylethyl) -4-methylbenzene
p-Cresol 4-methyl-1-hydroxybenzene
phenolHydroxybenzene, benzolone
Phthalic acidBenzene-1,2-dicarboxylic acid
Stilbene(E.) -Ethene-1,2-diyldibenzene
Sulfanilic acid4-aminobenzenesulfonic acid
Terephthalic acidBenzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid
Thymol5-methyl-2- (1-methylethyl) phenol
p-Toluidine 4-methylbenzenamine, 4-methylaniline
Toluene (toluene) Methylbenzene


  • Holleman-Wiberg, Inorganic Chemistry Textbook (1995)

Category: List (Chemistry)