How do you plant a tree

Step by step How to plant a tree

1. Dig the planting hole and, if necessary, prepare the planting surface

Dig out the planting hole and loosen the adjacent soil so that the roots can more easily find their way. The hole should be slightly larger than the root ball so that the roots can spread out easily. The color of the bark indicates how deep the tree was originally planted. It should be set that low again now.

If the soil conditions are not ideal, the hole should be about twice the size of the root ball. Heavy soils can be made more permeable with sand so the roots can breathe easily. Expanded concrete is also suitable for this.

2. Plant pruning on bare-root trees

Usually trees are still pruned at the nursery. However, bare-root trees may still need to be pruned. Shorten the roots of these by about a third and remove broken and dry roots. The crown should also be shortened. This ensures that the crown branches better and prevents bald spots from forming.

No pruning is necessary for container and ball plants. Here it is enough to remove damaged and crossed branches.

3. Drive the stake into the ground

Before planting, put a stake in the ground to which the tree will later be tied. This will prevent roots from being injured by driving the stake in. For bare-root trees, one post is usually sufficient as a support; for container and ball plants, two to three posts are required, depending on the tree size.

4. Put the tree in the planting hole

Make sure the roots are well hydrated before planting. Lift the tree into the planting hole. Check that the roots are well placed and not squeezed in. Fill the gap around the bale with earth or, in the case of heavy soils, with an earth-sand or earth-expanded clay mixture. If you like, you can also enrich the soil with compost or other fertilizer.

5. Press the earth down

Now press the earth. It is important that the ground is firm enough that the tree is stable. However, the soil should not be trodden too hard, otherwise the roots will no longer get air.

+ Dried out roots: make sure that the roots do not dry out. Especially bare-root trees dry out easily during transport and storage.
+ Earth is pressed too tightly: only step on the earth lightly. If the soil is pressed too hard, the roots can no longer breathe.
+ In the case of grafted trees - the grafting point is also buried: In the case of grafted trees, it is important that the grafting point is not also buried. Otherwise it can happen that not only the substrate is rooted.

6. Secure the post

Now tie the tree to the post or posts. Use webbing or tree straps for this. This gives the roots additional protection and they stay calm, even if the tree top is rocking strongly in the wind.

7. Water the tree

Water the tree well after planting. A pouring rim is helpful here. To do this, pile up the earth in a circle around the trunk. It prevents the water from spreading; the water is more focused on the tree. Only in this way does the root ball actually have the chance to absorb the water.

In the first year, make sure that the root area is always well supplied with water. Freshly planted trees should be watered less from year to year: at the beginning every week, after five years then only once a month and later not at all.

8. Mulching

In order to avoid root competition from uncontrolled growth when planting, half a meter around the trunk should be kept free of plants. Therefore, after planting, mulching the area around the trunk is recommended. The mulch layer should not be higher than two inches. It is important that the mulch does not touch the trunk. Otherwise it could rot. The mulch layer also protects against the cold in autumn and against rapid drying out in spring.

9. For young fruit trees: paint it white