People become more or less refined

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Status: 08/29/2019 2:52 p.m.
We don't need an extra portion of sugar. For example, the body can make it from bread itself.

Brown sugar contains minerals, grape sugar makes you fit, fructose does no harm and honey is healthier than sugar. Is that really true? Much of what we think we know about sugar is actually wrong. What are the ten most common mistakes about the sweet stuff and what is correct?

Do you need a minimum amount of sugar every day?

Humans don't need any additional sugar at all to get going. Our brain and other organs need glucose, also called grape sugar, in order to function properly. But our body can produce it itself from many foods, for example from bread, potatoes or cereals. So sugar is not a staple food.

Brown sugar: looks healthier than white table sugar, but isn't.
Is Bwhispered sugar healthier than white sugar?

Brown sugar may look more natural than white, but that doesn't make it any healthier. There are three types of brown sugar: whole sugar, whole cane sugar, and brown sugar. Whole sugar is unrefined sugar made from sugar beet. Whole cane sugar is made from sugar cane and brown sugar is caramelized sugar that is colored brown with syrup.

While colored sugar is our conventional household sugar (sucrose), whole sugar and whole cane sugar contain more minerals. Experts consider the difference to be very small, so that it does not play a role in health.

What names can sugar have?

It is not always easy to tell whether a product actually contains sugar. Food manufacturers, for example, are allowed to use more than 60 different names for sugar on the packaging. Here is an overview:

  • Sucrose: Ordinary table sugar that contains neither vitamins nor minerals, only calories. It consists of glucose and fructose.
  • Lactose: Milk sugar is a natural component of milk and dairy products.
  • Glucose: This is dextrose. It is made from potato or corn starch, but is also one of the main components of honey, for example.
  • Fructose: Fructose is a natural component of fruits such as pome and berries. In the food industry, however, fructose is also used as a sweetener for finished products, sauces or ketchup.
  • Glucose-fructose syrup: Also called isoglucose. It consists of glucose and fructose. This type of sugar is largely made from corn and wheat starch and is used in beverages and canned fruit. If the name is fructose-glucose syrup, this indicates that the proportion of fruit sugar (fructose) is higher than the proportion of grape sugar (glucose).
  • Honey: Often seen as a healthy alternative to table sugar. But honey consists of almost 80 percent sucrose. Mueslis, for example, are sweetened with honey.
  • Maltodextrin: The mixture of sugar and starch is used, among other things, as a thickener (e.g. in soups or sausage products) and an extender (e.g. in coffee roasters).
  • Glucose syrup: Made from starch and made up of glucose and fructose. It is used, among other things, as a binding agent in the production of pralines, chocolate bars and breakfast cereals.
  • Invert sugar syrup: This is household sugar dissolved in water. The syrup is used, for example, in the production of ice cream.
  • Strong juices and vegetable syrups: Strongly concentrated, thickened juices are also used as sweeteners - either as syrups or syrups. There is, for example, pear, grape or agave syrup as well as maple or date syrup. Another variant is syrup made from rice and other grains.

Is Honey healthier than sugar?

The natural taste is deceptive: although honey contains traces of vitamins, minerals and enzymes, 80 percent of it consists of fructose, grape sugar and other types of sugar. The rest is water, which is why honey is actually just an oversaturated sugar solution. It is therefore wrong to believe that honey is important for the daily vitamin or mineral balance.

Is Sugar the best source of energy?

No. Fat, for example, has an energy value that is more than twice as high as sugar. For comparison: one gram of fat contains nine kilocalories, one gram of sugar only four. The best source of energy is and remains a balanced meal with fiber, proteins and vitamins. And that keeps you full the longest.

Is Sugar a vitamin and calcium robber?

However, it is a myth that sugar robs the body of calcium and thus "softens" the bones. This assumption goes back to incorrect conclusions from experiments in the 1920s. The body needs vitamin B1 to digest sugar, but it also needs it to digest other carbohydrates. And with a balanced diet, people always consume enough vitamin B1 anyway.

How dangerous is sugar?

What do alcohol, nicotine and sugar have in common? The brain always wants more of it. Too much sugar plays a role in the development of diabetes and possibly even cancer. more

Is glucose healthy and does it make you fit?

Admittedly, glucose increases concentration and wakes you up. This effect is short-lived, however, because the body releases large amounts of insulin after it has been supplied with glucose. After that, the briefly increased blood sugar level drops drastically again. And that does exactly the opposite of what you actually wanted to achieve - you feel limp.

The carbohydrates contained in whole grain products are slowly converted into glucose and therefore ensure a constant blood sugar level.

Is fructose healthy?

Too much fructose is unhealthy

Juices and smoothies naturally contain fructose - many people underestimate this. But fructose is also popular as an additive. Why you should be careful with fructose. more

It has long been said that fructose is healthier than glucose. It was especially recommended for diabetics. Today it is known that this assumption was wrong. In addition to grape sugar, fructose is a component of sucrose (table sugar). Just like glucose, it is also found in fruits.

Fructose is not a healthy sweetener because in large quantities it can damage the liver and lead to fatty liver. Children are already suffering from this. Fruit should still remain part of the diet because it contains numerous healthy ingredients such as fiber and vitamins.

Does "sugar-free" really mean "no sugar"?

"Sugar-free" doesn't really mean free of any sugar. Because in addition to our household sugar, there are other types of sugar such as grape, fruit and milk sugar. From a health point of view, these varieties are no different from table sugar. "Sugar-free" foods are only those that contain less than 0.5 grams per 100 grams or 100 milliliters. "Without added sugar", on the other hand, may only be used if no sweetener has been added.

This topic in the program:

45 min | 09/02/2019 | 22:00 O'clock