How do automation tests work
Functional and non-functional automation tests
Functional automation testing:
The purpose of functional testing is to ensure that the application and all of its individual functions work properly in the real world and meet all requirements and specifications.
Whenever changes were made to a functionality of the project, this particular functionality had to be tested together with the dependent functionality. When testing manually, testing the entire system will take a long time. Test automation comes into play in order to minimize the time and to repeatedly carry out regression tests
Test automation also helps us automate test cases and functions that are constantly regressing.
This gives QAs more time to test other parts of the application. In addition, this helps ensure the quality of the product in application versions.
As a result, we get products that are more effective and stable and that help streamline the QA process.
Automation testing can lower the cost of troubleshooting and improve the quality of the application and processes.
The aim of the functional test is to cover the application system and mainly focus on main functions, basic usability, accessibility and error conditions.
Most used tools for functional testing:
- Selenium: The Selenium web driver is currently the most popular open source automation tool for automating web applications.
- QTP: This tool is an easy-to-use health test tool from HP
- JUnit: Mainly used for Java applications and can be used in unit and system tests
- SoapUI: This is an open source function testing tool mainly used for testing web services. It supports protocols like HTTP, SOAP and JDBC.
- Watir: This is a tool that helps in performing functional tests for web applications. It supports tests run in the web browser and uses the Ruby scripting language
- Appium : This open source tool is used for mobile automation testing
Function testsshould be prepared based on the following key points:
- Preparation of test data based on the functional specifications
- Business requirements are the inputs for functional testing
- Based on functional specifications, refer to the output of the functions
- The execution of test cases
- Observe the actual and expected results
With the help of functional automation tests, we can also cover the following tests:
Unit test: A unit can be almost anything you want - a small amount of code, a method, or a class. All small tests give you an overview of the application.
Smoke test: At the Smoke generation, the smoke test is a series of test cases that are run before the initiation of more stringent tests. The goal of smoke testing is to verify that the main functions of an application are working according to the stated application specification.
Integration tests: The goal of integration testing is to verify function, performance, and reliability between modules, whether or not they are properly integrated.
Interface test: The An interface test is carried out to determine whether frameworks or segments precisely pass on information and control to one another. Check that all connections between these modules are working properly and that errors are lawfully corrected.
System tests: System tests of the application are carried out for all application programming to check the general consistency of the element with practical needs.
Regression tests: Regression testing of a test procedure in which the tests affected by the code changes are run again.
UAT: UAT, a testing process where the customers / end users involved in testing the product validate the product against their requirements.
Localization: The purpose of localization tests is to investigate the flaws and gaps in the software that affect the proper functioning of the user interface, language translation, time format, currency, font, resource translation, content and user interface, and functionality and functions of a local version of the software product for a specific country / location.
Globalization: Globalization tests ensure that the product works properly with all possible international inputs. It ensures that the code can handle all international support without affecting functionality
Automation tests that do not work:
Non-functional tests are a type of test to check non-functional application areas for performance, usability, reliability, efficiency, and so on
In a multi-channel, multi-layered environment, one of the greatest challenges for the customer is that the live systems must meet customer expectations for performance, security and ease of use.
In order to meet the output of customer needs, the applications should be versatile. However, certain issues such as data theft, slow response times and poor speed make it difficult to explore and intervene in the applications.
We offer a full range of non-functional testing services that help proactive and early detection of errors in the lifecycle for various digital platforms such as mobile, web, cloud, etc.
Objective of performing non-functional tests:
- Non-functional tests should improve the utility, portability, effectiveness, and maintainability of the application.
- Minimize the production costs and risks associated with the non-functional features of the application.
- Collect metrics data to conduct internal research and analysis of application performance.
- Check the product behavior and the technologies used.
Key parameters of the non-functional test.
Security: As you test security, run the tests to prevent a number of different threats. These include denial-of-service attacks and other cyber attacks as well as data breaches or data theft situations.
Reliability: it represents ensure that the software works and functions constantly under the given environmental conditions and within a certain period of time.
Restoration: Recovery testing is a type of non-working test method that is used to decide how quickly the system can recover from a system crash or hardware of the server or system failure. Recovery tests can force the software to fail to verify that the system or application can be successfully recovered along with all of its data.
Stability: At Stability tests check the ability of the product to function properly and without errors over a longer period of time and over the entire potential use.
Usability: Usability testing is done from an end user's perspective to ensure that the system is easy to use.
The key parameter for conducting usability tests is:
- Understand who will be using the system.
- Understand what your business needs are.
- Try to replicate their behavior.
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Scalability: Scalability tests, measured by the ability to increase or decrease the number of user requests or other such performance measures. For the measured scalability, the parameters are response time, throughput, number of users for the performance test, threshold load, CPU usage, memory usage, network usage, web server request and response.
Efficiency: Efficiency tests test the line of code and test resources that a program needs to perform a particular function. Software test efficiency is the total number of test cases run divided by the total number of hours spent running the operation, mainly the measurement per hour.
portability : Portability test procedure for effortless testing that moves the product or item from one condition to the next. It is valued in terms of the most extreme level of effort required to move from one framework to the other environment.
Most usednon-working test tools:
- Load storm
- Loading complete
- Web server stress tool
- WebLoad Professional
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