Why ethoxyethane is water soluble

Diethyl etherDrug groupsAnestheticsInhalation anesthetics Diethyl ether is an active ingredient from the group of anesthetics that is rarely used medically today because it is easily flammable.

synonym: AetherPhEur, Ether, Ethylether


Diethyl ether is available as a pure substance from specialist retailers.

Structure and properties

Diethyl ether (C.4H10O, Mr = 74.1 g / mol) is a clear, colorless and highly volatile liquid that is soluble in water. The disadvantage of the substance is that it is very flammable and potentially explosive. The vapors are heavier than air and can migrate to an ignition source on the ground. In addition, diethyl ether has an unpleasant odor. Diethyl ether belongs to the group of symmetrical ethers.


Diethyl ether (ATC N01AA01) has narcotic (anesthetic) and muscle relaxing properties.

Areas of application Abuse

Diethyl ether can be misused as an inhalable intoxicant. The vapors induce drowsiness, intoxication, and drowsiness.

unwanted effects
  • Irritation of the respiratory tract, irritation of the mucous membranes
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Long waking up phase
  • Liver and kidney toxicity
  • In contrast to other anesthetics, the circulation and breathing are hardly affected
see also

Inhalation anesthetics, ethers

  • Bovill J.G. Inhalation anesthesia: from diethyl ether to xenon. Handb Exp Pharmacol, 2008, 182, 121-42 Pubmed
  • Cox D. et al. Distribution of ether in two postmortem cases. J Anal Toxicol, 2006, 30 (8), 635-7 Pubmed
  • European Pharmacopoeia PhEur
  • swell
  • Safety data sheet
  • Ward M.E., Meyerhein R.F. Diethyl ether, a chemical asphyxiant used as a prelude to homicide: a report of three cases. J Forensic Sci, 1997, 42 (2), 344-8 Pubmed

Conflicts of Interest: None / Independent. The author has no relationships with the manufacturers and is not involved in the sale of the products mentioned.

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This article was last changed on 11/11/2020.
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