Shrinks 85 cotton and 15 polyester
Mixing of fibers
If different fibrous materials are mixed, this should, under certain circumstances, compensate for disadvantageous properties of a fiber. The aim is to improve the appearance, the processing properties, the fineness or the economy. The mixing of fibers can take place during yarn production, here different fibers are spun. On the other hand, different yarns can be used to make fabrics. Mixtures can be natural fibers with each other, natural fibers with man-made fibers or man-made fibers with each other.
Mixture of natural fibers
A common one Mixture of natural fibers are cotton and linen. The result is half linen (linen content at least 40%). In the manufacture of the fabric, the warp is made of cotton and the weft is made of linen.
Advantages: the cotton has a high absorbency, the linen is lint-free and durable.
Mixtures of natural fibers and man-made fibers
At Mixtures of natural fibers and man-made fibers the positive properties of the fibers are used, while the negative properties are almost eliminated.
Well-known mixtures are: wool with polyester, polyacrylic or polyamide, or cotton with viscose, modal, polyester or polyamide
- Great tear and abrasion resistance
- Good elasticity and positive care properties due to the man-made fibers
- Comfortable to wear thanks to the natural fibers.
Mixture of man-made fibers
By Mixture of man-made fibers with each other various effects can be achieved. The textile can be produced in matt or glossy or shrunk or unshrunk. The fineness, the strength, the elongation behavior and the elasticity play an outstanding role here.
Labeling of substances in textiles
The customer should know what raw materials a textile product is made of when buying. According to the Textile Labeling Act (TKG), industry and trade in the EU are obliged to name the raw material composition of a textile product. Appropriate labels are to be attached. Samples, samples and catalog images are also to be marked.
The Textile Labeling Act (TKG) stipulates that the respective mixed fibers and the mixed portion must be affixed to a label in descending order.
In the case of natural fibers, the respective name, e.g. cotton, and in the case of man-made fibers, the respective name of the genus, e.g. polyester. If a textile product is made of one material, either 100%, pure or whole can be specified here.
100% silk Pure silk All silk
If at least 85% of a textile is made of a fiber material, e.g. silk, then here
85% silk minimum content
to be written. If the proportion of one fiber material is below 85%, the two fiber materials with the highest proportions must be specified as a percentage, e.g. 60% cotton, 25% polyester.
The other fibers are given with or without percentages in descending order.
If one or more fibers do not reach 10% in a fiber mixture, they can be referred to as other fibers and do not have to be listed separately. E.g. 85% cotton, 15% other fibers.
15% other fibers
If a piece of clothing is lined, the fiber content of the main lining must be specified.
Outer fabric: 100% wool
Lining: 100% silk
The industry has designed various brand names and seals of approval so that the customer can better assess the quality of the product.
In addition to cotton, wool, linen, silk and man-made fibers, there are numerous brand names that are protected by the trademark law.
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