How much first aid should I know

First aid: act correctly in an emergency

Is the victim unconscious, i.e. not responding to loud speaking, but breathing normally? Then bring it to the stable side position. This will prevent fluids such as blood or vomit from getting into the airways that could choke the affected person. Then check your breathing regularly until emergency services arrive.

If, on the other hand, you can find no breathing or only irregular breathing (gasping), this indicates a cardiac arrest. Failure of the heart's pumping function, if left untreated, inevitably leads to cardiac arrest. Blood is no longer pumped through the body - the victim is in acute danger of death. This condition can only be reversed for a very short time. Therefore, start resuscitation immediately. These include Chest compressions and ventilation. Untrained laypeople who are not confident in ventilation can also help by only performing chest compressions.

Start with chest compressions. The correct frequency is 100 to 120 presses per minute. To keep to them, it helps if you quietly sing along to the pop hit “La Macarena” or “Stayin’ Alive ”in your head. This is the result of a study by the European Society for Anaesthesiology at the University of Barcelona. The chest compressions alternate with the ventilation: 30x presses, 2x ventilation. In practice, however, it has been shown that some people are unsure, especially when it comes to ventilation. Again, before you don't help at all, you can just do chest compressions. Do not end the resuscitation until you notice clear signs of life or take over rescue workers.

First aid also includes psychological measures. People who appear unharmed after an accident are often in shock and may endanger themselves through unreflective behavior. You can achieve a lot by speaking to those affected, calming them down, taking them out of the danger zone and monitoring their condition until professional helpers are on site.